Thinking and Being

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Harvard University Press #ad - Opposing a long-standing orthodoxy of the western philosophical tradition running from ancient Greek thought until the late nineteenth century, Frege argued that psychological laws of thought―those that explicate how we in fact think―must be distinguished from logical laws of thought―those that formulate and impose rational requirements on thinking.

Ultimately, kimhi’s work elucidates the essential sameness of thinking and being that has exercised Western philosophy since its inception. Logic does not describe how we actually think, but only how we should. Self-consciousness, language, and logic are revealed to be but different sides of the same reality.

Thinking and Being #ad - Yet by thus sundering the logical from the psychological, Frege was unable to explain certain fundamental logical truths, most notably the psychological version of the law of non-contradiction―that one cannot think a thought and its negation simultaneously. Irad kimhi’s thinking and being marks a radical break with Frege’s legacy in analytic philosophy, exposing the flaws of his approach and outlining a novel conception of judgment as a two-way capacity.

In closing the gap that frege opened, kimhi shows that the two principles of non-contradiction―the ontological principle and the psychological principle―are in fact aspects of the very same capacity, differently manifested in thinking and being. As his argument progresses, kant, kimhi draws on the insights of historical figures such as Aristotle, and Wittgenstein to develop highly original accounts of topics that are of central importance to logic and philosophy more generally.

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A Spirit of Trust: A Reading of Hegel's Phenomenology

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Belknap Press: An Imprint of Harvard University Press #ad - In the modern world, these judgments are taken to be determined by attitudes―subjective stances. In his critiques, kant talks about the distinction between what things are in themselves and how they appear to us; Hegel sees Kant’s distinction as making explicit what separates the ancient and modern worlds.

Connecting analytic, continental, and historical traditions, Brandom shows how dominant modes of thought in contemporary philosophy are challenged by Hegel. A spirit of trust is about the massive historical shift in the life of humankind that constitutes the advent of modernity. This means that normative statuses such as commitment, responsibility, and authority are instituted by social practices of reciprocal recognition.

. Brandom argues that when our self-conscious recognitive attitudes take the radical form of magnanimity and trust that Hegel describes, we can overcome a troubled modernity and enter a new age of spirit. Forty years in the making, this long-awaited reinterpretation of Hegel’s The Phenomenology of Spirit is a landmark contribution to philosophy by one of the world’s best-known and most influential philosophers.

A Spirit of Trust: A Reading of Hegel's Phenomenology #ad - In this much-anticipated work, robert Brandom presents a completely new retelling of the romantic rationalist adventure of ideas that is Hegel’s classic The Phenomenology of Spirit. Hegel supports a view combining both of those approaches, which Brandom calls “objective idealism”: there is an objective reality, but we cannot make sense of it without first making sense of how we think about it.

According to hegel’s approach, we become agents only when taken as such by other agents. In the ancient world, normative statuses―judgments of what ought to be―were taken to state objective facts.

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Self-Consciousness and Objectivity: An Introduction to Absolute Idealism

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Harvard University Press #ad - It undercuts a number of contemporary presumptions, such as that judgment is a propositional attitude, that inference is a mental process, and that there is an empirical science of the capacity for objective knowledge. While these authors think that the quest for objectivity demands that we transcend the first person, Rödl argues that it is through the first-person thought contained in every judgment that our judgments possess the objectivity that defines knowledge.

Self-consciousness and objectivity can be read as an introduction to absolute idealism, for it dismantles a stubborn obstacle to absolute idealism’s reception: the notion that it is a species of idealism, which is understood to be the assertion that the world depends upon the mind. Thus he intervenes in a discussion that runs through the work of Bernard Williams, and others, Thomas Nagel, Adrian Moore, who seek to comprehend the claim to objectivity we raise in making judgments.

Self-consciousness and objectivity undermines a foundational dogma of contemporary philosophy: that knowledge, in order to be objective, must be knowledge of something that is as it is, independent of being known to be so. As rödl brings out, absolute idealism is the resolute rejection of that idea. The implications of this work are profound.

Self-Consciousness and Objectivity: An Introduction to Absolute Idealism #ad - . All of these presumptions flow from the erroneous notion that the objectivity of knowledge stands opposed to its first-person character. Sebastian rödl revives the thought―as ancient as philosophy but largely forgotten today―that knowledge, precisely on account of being objective, is self-knowledge: knowledge knowing itself.

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Hegel's Realm of Shadows: Logic as Metaphysics in "The Science of Logic"

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University of Chicago Press #ad - Pippin goes on to explore many other facets of hegel’s thought, the dynamism of reason in Kant and Hegel, life as a logical category, including the significance for a philosophical logic of the self-conscious character of thought, and what Hegel might mean by the unity of the idea of the true and the idea of the good in the “Absolute Idea.

The culmination of pippin’s work on Hegel and German idealism, this is a book that no Hegel scholar or historian of philosophy will want to miss. Pippin offers here a bold, original interpretation of Hegel’s claim that only now, after Kant’s critical breakthrough in philosophy, can we understand how logic can be a metaphysics.

Pippin addresses hegel’s deep, constant reliance on aristotle’s conception of metaphysics, the difference between Hegel’s project and modern rationalist metaphysics, and the links between the “logic as metaphysics” claim and modern developments in the philosophy of logic. This is the book that presents his metaphysics, an enterprise that he insists can only be properly understood as a “logic, ” or a “science of pure thinking.

Hegel's Realm of Shadows: Logic as Metaphysics in "The Science of Logic" #ad - Since he also wrote that the proper object of any such logic is pure thinking itself, it has always been unclear in just what sense such a science could be a “metaphysics. Robert B. Hegel frequently claimed that the heart of his entire system was a book widely regarded as among the most difficult in the history of philosophy, The Science of Logic.

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I Am Dynamite!: A Life of Nietzsche

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Tim Duggan Books #ad - She also produces unforgettable portraits of the people who were most important to him, Lou Salomé, including Richard and Cosima Wagner, the femme fatale who broke his heart; and his sister Elizabeth, a rabid German nationalist and anti-Semite who manipulated his texts and turned the Nietzsche archive into a destination for Nazi ideologues.

But what do most people really know of nietzsche—beyond the mustache, and in this vividly compelling, and the lingering association with nihilism and fascism? Where do we place a thinker who was equally beloved by Albert Camus, Martin Buber, and Adolf Hitler? Nietzsche wrote that all philosophy is autobiographical, eccentric, the scowl, myth-shattering biography, Ayn Rand, and deeply troubled man, Sue Prideaux brings readers into the world of this brilliant, illuminating the events and people that shaped his life and work.

I Am Dynamite!: A Life of Nietzsche #ad - New york times editors’ choice • the times biography of the year • winner of the hawthornden prizea groundbreaking new biography of philosophy’s greatest iconoclast Friedrich Nietzsche is one of the most enigmatic figures in philosophy, and his concepts—the Übermensch, the will to power, slave morality—have fundamentally reshaped our understanding of the human condition.

From his placid, lonely philosophizing on high mountains, devoutly Christian upbringing—overshadowed by the mysterious death of his father—through his teaching career, and heart-breaking descent into madness, Prideaux documents Nietzsche’s intellectual and emotional life with a novelist’s insight and sensitivity.

I am dynamite! is the essential biography for anyone seeking to understand history's most misunderstood philosopher.

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Fellow Creatures: Our Obligations to the Other Animals Uehiro Series in Practical Ethics

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Oxford University Press #ad - Kant argued that as autonomous beings, we claim to be ends-in-ourselves when we claim the standing to make laws for ourselves and each other. Korsgaard argues that as beings who have a good, we also claim to be ends-in-ourselves when we take the things that are good for us to be good absolutely and so worthy of pursuit.

She defends the claim that we are obligated to treat all sentient beings as what Kant called "ends-in-themselves". She then turns to kant's argument for the value of humanity to show that rationality commits us to claiming the standing of ends-in-ourselves, in two senses. Christine M. She criticizes kant's own view that our duties to animals are indirect, and offers a non-utilitarian account of the relation between pleasure and the good.

. Korsgaard argues that human beings are not more important than the other animals, that our moral nature does not make us superior to the other animals, and that our unique capacities do not make us better off than the other animals. Korsgaard presents a compelling new view of humans' moral relationships to the other animals.

Fellow Creatures: Our Obligations to the Other Animals Uehiro Series in Practical Ethics #ad - The second claim commits us to treating the good of every sentient creature as something of absolute importance. The first claim commits us to joining with other autonomous beings in relations of moral reciprocity. Drawing on a theory of the good derived from Aristotle, she offers an explanation of why animals are the sorts of beings for whom things can be good or bad.

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The Lies That Bind: Rethinking Identity

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Liveright #ad - Culture. Race. Religion. Class systems can become entrenched by efforts to reform them. A washington post notable book of the year as seen on the Netflix series ExplainedFrom the best-selling author of Cosmopolitanism comes this revealing exploration of how the collective identities that shape our polarized world are riddled with contradiction.

Who do you think you are? that’s a question bound up in another: What do you think you are? Gender. They can usher in moral progress and bring significance to our lives by connecting the small scale of our daily existence with larger movements, causes, and concerns. Elaborating a bold and clarifying new theory of identity, The Lies That Bind is a ringing philosophical statement for the anxious, conflict-ridden twenty-first century.

The Lies That Bind: Rethinking Identity #ad - Our everyday notions of race are the detritus of discarded nineteenth-century science. This book will transform the way we think about who―and what―“we” are. We all know there are conflicts between identities, but Appiah shows how identities are created by conflict. It challenges our assumptions about how identities work.

Religion, he demonstrates, gains power because it isn’t primarily about belief. And yet, he argues that social identities aren’t something we can simply do away with.

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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: The Phenomenology of Spirit Cambridge Hegel Translations

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Cambridge University Press #ad - Like kant before him, the influence of society and history on claims to knowledge, Hegel offered up a systematic account of the nature of knowledge, and the social character of human agency itself. A bold new understanding of what, came to be called 'subjectivity' arose from this work, after Hegel, and American pragmatism, such as existentialism, and it was instrumental in the formation of later philosophies, Marxism, each of which reacted to Hegel's radical claims in different ways.

. Hegel's the phenomenology of Spirit 1807 is one of the most influential texts in the history of modern philosophy. In it, hegel proposed an arresting and novel picture of the relation of mind to world and of people to each other. This edition offers a new translation, an introduction, and glossaries to assist readers' understanding of this central text, and will be essential for scholars and students of Hegel.

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Anniversaries Boxed Set: From a Year in the Life of Gesine Cresspahl New York Review Books Classics

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NYRB Classics #ad - It would be the tale of gesine cresspahl, and of her ten-year-old daughter, marie—a story of work and school, a thirty-four-year-old single mother who is a German émigré to Manhattan’s Upper West Side, of friends and lovers and the countless small encounters with neighbors and strangers that make up big-city life.

Finally, of her independent and enterprising father, of her troubled mother, it would be a tale told by Gesine to Marie about Gesine’s childhood in a small north German town, of Nazi Germany Gesine was born the year Hitler came to power and World War II and Soviet retribution and the grimly regulated realities of Communist East Germany.

An everyday tale, but some of the news—the racial unrest roiling america, but also a tale of the events of the day, as gleaned by Gesine from The New York Times: Johnson could hardly foresee the convulsions of 1968, the escalating war in Vietnam—was sure to be news for some time yet to come. Gesine and marie are among the most memorable and engaging characters in literature, stylistically adventurous and endlessly absorbing, sweeping and full of incident, at once monumental and intimate, and Anniversaries, is quite simply one of the great books of our time.

Anniversaries Boxed Set: From a Year in the Life of Gesine Cresspahl New York Review Books Classics #ad - A landmark of 20th century literature about New York in the late 1960s, now in English for the first time. Late in 1967, uwe johnson set out to write a book that would take the unusual form of a chapter for every day of the ongoing year. An ambitious historical novel as well as a wonderfully observed new york novel, while vividly depicting the struggle of a loving, Anniversaries would take in the unsettled world of the present along with the twentieth century’s ­disastrous past, though hardly uncomplicated mother and a bright, indomitably curious girl to understand and care for each other and to shape a human world.

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Your Duck Is My Duck: Stories

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Ecco #ad - No one writes better about time, tragedy and grief, and the indifferent but beautiful universe around us. A much-anticipated collection of brilliantly observant short stories from one of the great American masters of the form. At times raucously hilarious, deborah eisenberg’s stories gently compel us to confront the most disturbing truths about ourselves—from our intimate lives as lovers, parents, to our equally troubling roles as citizens on a violent, and children, at times as solemn and mysterious as a pond at midnight, at times charming and delightful, terrifying planet.

Your Duck Is My Duck: Stories #ad - Each of the six stories in your duck is My Duck, her first collection since 2006, has the heft and complexity of a novel. With her own inexorable but utterly unpredictable logic and her almost uncanny ability to conjure the strange states of mind and emotion that constitute our daily consciousness, Eisenberg pulls us as if by gossamer threads through her characters—a tormented woman whose face determines her destiny; a group of film actors shocked to read a book about their past; a privileged young man who unexpectedly falls into a love affair with a human rights worker caught up in an all-consuming quest that he doesn't understand.

In eisenberg’s world, sex, the forces of money, whether confronted or denied, and the force of history, and power cannot be escaped, cannot be evaded.

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Down to Earth: Politics in the New Climatic Regime

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Polity #ad - The present ecological mutation has organized the whole political landscape for the last thirty years. Hence their flight offshore and their massive investment in climate change denial. The left has been slow to turn its attention to this new situation. This could explain the deadly cocktail of exploding inequalities, massive deregulation, and conversion of the dream of globalization into a nightmare for most people.

What holds these three phenomena together is the conviction, shared by some powerful people, that the ecological threat is real and that the only way for them to survive is to abandon any pretense at sharing a common future with the rest of the world. Belonging to a territory is the phenomenon most in need of rethinking and careful redescription; learning new ways to inhabit the Earth is our biggest challenge.

Down to Earth: Politics in the New Climatic Regime #ad - It is still organized along an axis that goes from investment in local values to the hope of globalization and just at the time when, everywhere, people dissatisfied with the ideal of modernity are turning back to the protection of national or even ethnic borders. This is why it is urgent to shift sideways and to define politics as what leads toward the Earth and not toward the global or the national.

Bringing us down to earth is the task of politics today.

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